Melbourne Australia History
Melbourne has been named the world's most liveable city for only the fourth year in a row, but what about Sydney, which is ranked seventh on the same list? Melbourne is regularly touted as the best public transport in Australia, and not only has the world's largest urban tram network, but also hosts one of the largest public parks in the country, Melbourne Parklands. But it is the city that makes life so wonderful, not just for the people of Melbourne, but for the whole of Australia.
Melbourne is Australia's most diverse city, home to people from over 200 countries. Genealogy also plays a role in Melbourne, as Sydney is home to the majority of Australians born in Australia, but also to the largest number of people in the world. Australian ancestors, slightly less than half of Sydneysiders are of "Australian descent," while only about 2.5 per cent of Sydney's population are Aboriginal, who now live near Melbourne. Melbourne is home to more people of different ethnicities, races, religions and backgrounds than any other city in the world.
While the construction of the Melbourne Australia Temple was taking place, members of Greater Melbourne took the opportunity to attend temple ceremonies. This has changed, as Graeme Davison describes in his book: "The Australian Temple: Melbourne, Australia's Temple and the Evolution of Religion in Australia.
Melbourne is growing rapidly and could overtake Sydney in population by 2028, and some analysts predict Melbourne will outgrow Sydney as Australia's largest city by the end of the 20th century. In two scenarios, the ABS predicts Sydney will remain larger than Melbourne by 2056, by less than 3 per cent, compared to a margin of 12 per cent today. If Melbourne continues to grow at this rate, it is likely to overtake Sydney and become Australia's "bigger city" in about 25 years.
A Melbourne Day committee has been set up to correct the history of Melbourne's founding and celebrate its anniversary. Australia has written Australian history and officially accepted the appointment of Sydney as the second largest city in Australia after the population in the 20th century.
The Melbourne Cup sporting spectacle has been established as an annual event and the Melbourne Cricket Club is known around the world. Melbourne was the first city in Europe and North America to host the Summer Olympics in 1956 and the first Australian city to host the Olympics in 1957.
Melbourne was the first city in the world to host the World Athletics Championships in 1956, the second in Australia and the first outside the southern hemisphere.
Back then, during the Gold Rush, cities like Geelong, Ballarat and Bendigo grew considerably. To this day, some of these towns have a strong mining, mining and mining tourism tradition, as well as tourism.
For Melbourne, a major consequence of this is the magnificent Parliament House in Melbourne, which began in December 1855 and was extended to its present state between 1856 and 1929, although it was not completed in its original form. The growth of Melbourne in its history shows that Melbourne lost its place as the largest city in Australia to Sydney in 1905. Melbourne has grown 18% faster since then, meaning it will be Australia's largest city by 2050. Mark McCrindle says Melbourne is growing twice as fast as Sydney and will still surpass Australia's biggest cities by 2040 based on current growth trends. In terms of population growth over the last 20 years, Melbourne, although Sydney was the larger and Melbourne the smaller, grew by about 1.5% per year in terms of both total population and population per square kilometre, which means that it is now Australia's largest city with a population of around 2.3 million.
Melbourne remained the seat of the Supreme Court of Australia for some time afterwards, and many important national institutions remained in Melbourne well into the 20th century. The Governor-General of Australia resided in Government House Melbourne until the 1930s and in the Prime Minister's Office in the 1950s, as well as in many other government offices and offices.
Melbourne hosted the Federation of Australia in 1901, and Canberra became the capital in 1927. Melbourne served Australia as the interim seat of government and capital after the Federation of Australia (1901) until Canberra became the national capital (1927). After the permanent capital Canberra was founded, Melbourne remained Australia's capital until 1927, when Parliament was finally moved to the country's capital.
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, Melbourne recorded 1.5% annual population growth in the three years to June 2004, and growth has been steady ever since. The pattern of population change between 1861 and 1901 reflects Australia's population growth over the last century, including an increase in Melbourne's population and a decline in Sydney and Canberra. Melbourne consolidated its position as Australia's second largest city after Sydney, with 63.3% of the population born between 1861 and 1901, up from 57.2% in 1901.